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Scheme of work for Junior secondary school in Nigeria

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Scheme of work for junior secondary school in nigeria
Scheme of work for junior secondary school in nigeria

Scheme of work for junior secondary school in nigeria

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Scheme of work for Junior secondary school in Nigeria

Every single secondary school in Nigeria work with a scheme of work. The scheme of work is a rule that characterizes the substance and structure of scholastic subjects. The scheme of work for secondary schools in Nigeria, regardless of whether Junior or Senior secondary school, maps out in clear terms, how assets, for instance, the points and subtopics for a specific subject, instructor talk, bunch work, practicals, conversations and evaluation methodologies, tests, tests, Questions and Replies, homework and even up to midterm breaks for the meeting should be organized so as to fit in impeccably for the scholastic meeting.

It is the finished guide on every single scholastic action implemented by the Central legislature of Nigeria through the service of instruction on all Lesser secondary schools in Nigeria as it relates to the subjects as well as the scholarly meeting in general. It is utilized to guarantee that the learning purposes, points and goals of the subject implied for that class are effectively accomplished.

Since the educational plan speaks to the complete encounters to which all students must be uncovered, the substance, execution targets, exercises for the two instructors and students, educating and learning materials and assessment direct are given.

Be that as it may, educators are urged to advance the substance with significant materials and data from their prompt condition, however adjusting the educational plan to their requirements and goals.

Hence the educational program can be adjusted for such uncommon needs as itinerant instruction, non-formal training and training of the truly tested.

Scheme of work for junior secondary schools in Nigeria are essentially the equivalent for both private and open secondary schools in Nigeria going from JSS1 to JSS3, that is, the scheme of work for a tuition-based school is the equivalent with that of open or government possessed secondary schools, principals and educators in secondary schools in Nigeria are to stick to the endorsed scheme of work as ordered by the service of training.

For instance, the scheme of work for junior secondary schools in Nigeria state from JSS1 TO JSS3 for all subjects whether it is Arithmetic, English Language, Essential Science, Social Investigations OR Business Studies, a similar scheme of work applies to different states and significant urban areas in Nigeria like Abuja, Port Harcourt, Ibadan, Kano state, Cross Waterway, Imo, Delta state and the preferences.

Following the choice of the Government to present the All-inclusive Fundamental Training (UBE) program, the Nigerian Instructive Innovative work Committee (NERDC) rebuilt and realigned all surviving Essential and Junior Secondary Schools (JSS) educational plans into a 9-Year Essential Instruction Educational program for usage in Nigerian schools.

The 9-Year Essential Instruction Educational program was specially produced for the fulfilment of the Training for All (EFA) objectives, the basic focuses of the National Financial Strengthening and Advancement Methodologies (NEEDS), and the Thousand years Improvement Objectives (MDGs).

This post is a serious protracted one as it gives in full subtleties, the administration affirmed the scheme of work for all subjects offered in junior secondary schools in Nigeria. In the event that you are keen on beginning a school in Nigeria, this would enormously help in controlling you as respects thinking of the affirmed scheme of work concerning subjects proposed for JSS1 JSS2 and JSS3.

If you don’t mind note that these scheme of work are endorsed by Lagos state government and different states in Nigeria.

WHAT YOU Can Pick up FROM THIS POST

  • Government endorsed Scheme of work for Science – (JSS1, JSS2 and JSS3)
  • The legislature endorsed Scheme of work for PHE – (JSS1, JSS2 and JSS3)
  • The administration endorsed Scheme of work for the English Language – (JSS1, JSS2 and JSS3)
  • The legislature affirmed Scheme of work for Agrarian Science – (JSS1, JSS2 and JSS3)
  • The administration endorsed Scheme of work for Business Studies – (JSS1, JSS2 and JSS3)
  • Endorsed Scheme of work for Metro Instruction – (JSS1, JSS2 and JSS3)
  • Scheme of work for Home Monetary – (JSS1, JSS2 and JSS3)
  • Scheme of work for PC – (JSS1, JSS2 and JSS3)
  • Scheme of work for Social Examinations – (JSS1, JSS2 and JSS3)

GOVERNMENT APPROVED SCHEME OF WORK FOR JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL JSS1 TO JSS3

SCHEME OF WORK FOR PHE JSS 1

1ST TERM

  1. Definition, nature, scope and objectives of physical education
  2. Physical fitness and body conditioning programmes
  3. Recreation, leisure and dance activities
  4. Athletics

2ND TERM

  1. Shotput
  2. Ball games(soccer)
  3. VolleyBall

SCHEME OF WORK FOR PHE JSS 3

1ST TERM

  1. Violence in Sport
  2. HIV/Aids Education
  3. Qualification and functions of specialists in physical and Health Education.
  4. Nigerian SPORTS HERPES Heroines and Professionals.
  5. Javelin Throw
  6. Field Hockey

3RD TERM

  1. Contract and no-contact sports
  2. Personal school and community health
  3. Sewage and refuse disposal
  4. Source of water
  5. Food nutrition and health
  6. Pathogens diseases and their prevention

SCHEME OF WORK FOR PHE JSS 1

1ST TERM

  1. Definition, nature, scope and objectives of physical education
  2. Physical fitness and body conditioning programmes
  3. Recreation, leisure and dance activities
  4. Athletics

2ND TERM

  1. Shot-put
  2. Ball games(soccer)
  3. Volley Ball
  4. Pole Vault

SCHEME OF WORK FOR PHE JSS 2

1ST TERM

TERM

  • Family life Education
  • Physical and Health Education Agencies and Career opportunities
  • Ageing and  Death Education
  • Drug use, Misuse and Abuse
  • Combined events (Pentathlon and decathlon
  • Physical fitness
  • Gymnastics
  • Common Sports Injuries and First Aid Procedures
  • Sports and Society
  • Human Trafficking
  • Sports Laws
  • Careers and branches of Physical and Health Education
  • Long Distance Races
  • Relay Races
  • Tennis Game
  • Accident and safety Education

2ND TERM

  1. School Health Programme
  2. Environment Pollution
  3. Table Tennis Game
  4. Posture and Postural Defects
  5. Gymnastics
  6. Basketball Game

3RD TERM

  1. Recreation and Leisure
  2. Hand ball Game
  3. Consumer Health
  4. Judo
  5. Karate
  6. Swimming
  7. Non-Communicable Diseases

3RD TERM

  • Nutrition for Special Groups
  • Taekwondo
  • Boxing
  • WushuKung-Fu
  • Dance
  • Computer Games
  • Strokes in Swimming
  • Communicable Diseases
  • Non-Communicable Diseases

SCHEME OF WORK FOR BUSINESS STUDIES JSS 1

FIRST TERM

  1. Introduction to business studies
  2. -Objectives of business studies
  3. -Branches of business studies
  4. What is an office? Types of Offices
  5. -Advantages of a closed office
  6. -Disadvantages of closed office
  7. -Advantages of  an open office
  8. -Disadvantages of open office
  9. Source documents i.e. cheque, receipt, invoices, local purchase order, Why are cheques dishonored?
  10. What is a ledger?
  11. Properties of ledger, sample drawing of ledger account.
  12. Terms associated with the ledger and double entry.

SECOND TERM

  1. Business Transaction

Sales and purchase journals Cash and credit transactions

  1. Returns inwards and outward journal and the tabular representations.
  2. Simple cash book (Double Entry)
  3. Various departments in an organization
  4. Qualities of a clerical staff

THIRD TERM

  1. Forms and types of industrial production.
  2. Factors of production: Land, Labour, Capital, Entrepreneur
  3. Business organization (formations and types).
  4. Relationship between producers and

Advantages of Insurance

 

 

  1. METHODS OF BUYING (Sample method)

Inspection Method Description and grade method Auction method

  1. Meaning of TRADE

Home and foreign trade Visible Imports and Exports Invisible imports and exports Wholesale and Retail trade

Mail-order business – Its advantages and disadvantage

  1. DOUBLE ENTRY PRINCIPLE – Meaning

SCHEME OF WORK FOR BUSINESS STUDIES JSS 1

FIRST TERM

  1. Introduction to business studies
  2. Objectives of business studies
  3. Branches of business studies
  4. What is an office? Types of
  5. Advantages of a closed office
  6. Disadvantages of closed office
  7. Advantages of  an open office
  8. Disadvantages of open office
  9. Source documents i.e. cheque, receipt, invoices, local purchase order, Why are cheques dishonored?
  10. What is a ledger?
  11. Properties of ledger, sample drawing of ledger account.
  12. Terms associated with the ledger and double entry.

SECOND TERM

  1. Business transaction

Sales and purchase journals Cash and credit transactions

  1. Returns inwards and outward journal and the tabular representations.
  2. Simple cash book (Double entry)
  3. Various departments in an organization
  4. Qualities of a clerical staff

THIRD TERM

  1. Forms and types of industrial production.
  2. Factors of production: Land, Labour, Capital, Entrepreneur
  3. Business organization (formations and types).
  4. Relationship between producers and

Advantages of Insurance

METHODS OF BUYING

  • Sample method

Inspection Method Description and grade method Auction method

TRADE

Meaning

Home and foreign trade Visible Imports and Exports Invisible imports and exports Wholesale and Retail trade

Mail order business – Its advantages and disadvantage

  1. DOUBLE ENTRY PRINCIPLE Meaning

SCHEME OF WORK FOR BUSINESS STUDIES JSS 2

FIRST TERM

  1. The receptionist Duties and qualities Telephone Etiquettes

Items found in the reception Documents handled by the reception

  1. Procedure for the receipt of mails
  2. Filing of letters

Reasons for filing documents

Things that makes a filing system to be efficient Filing methods

File classification

Tips for a good filing practice

  1. Simple cashbook
  2. Double column cashbook
  3. Double column cash book with contra entry

SECOND TERM

Three Column Cash book Commercial bank

Origin Functions

Current savings and fixed deposit accounts Bank statement

Loan and overdraft Trade discount Sales discount Cash

Quantity

Keeping Correspondence books and records The Petty Cash book

THIRD TERM

Insurance Meaning

Terms used in insurance Types of insurance

Risks that cannot be insured

SCHEME OF WORK FOR BUSINESS STUDIES JSS 2

FIRST TERM

  1. Double entry (Ledger A/c)principle
  2. Trial balance
  3. Final accounts Meaning

Terms used in final accounts Trading account

Profit and loss account

  1. THE BALANCE SHEET Meaning

Assets and liabilities Fixed assets

Current assets Long-term liability

Current or short-term liability Exercises

Store records

SECOND TERM

Transportation Meaning Important

Forms and means Types and importance Advertisement Meaning

Types

Method of advertising Media of advertisement

Advantages and disadvantages Stock-taking

Stock control

The role of the wages office THIRD TERM

  1. Communication
  2. Office equipment
  3. Consumer protection

SCHEME OF WORK FOR AGRIC SCIENCE JSSI

FIRST TERM

  1. THE MEANING OF AGRICULTURE Importance of agriculture
  2. THE ORIGIN OF AGRICULTURE Development of agriculture

Areas of specialization in agriculture Agricultural products

Classification of crop plants Uses of crop plants

  1. FORMS OF FARM ANIMAL

SECOND TERM

CLASSES AND USES OF CROPS

Life span of crops Uses of crops

  1. CLASSIFICATION OF FARM ANIMALS Uses of farm animals
  2. SIMPLE FARM TOOLS Hand tools and their materials Uses of farm tools

THIRD TERM

WEED

Uses and control of weed Economic importance of weed

  1. CROP PESTS

Classification and control of crop pests

  1. ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT THROUGH AGRICULTURE

Ways of economic empowerment

  1. MARKETING OR AGRICULTURAL PRODUCT

Meaning of marketing and market Types of agricultural market Problems of marketing agricultural Produce in Nigeria

CHECK:  Diamond Bank Salary Structure 2020: See How Much Diamond Bank Pay Their Staff

Marketing agent

SCHEME OF WORK FOR AGRIC. SCIENCE JSS 2

FIRST TERM

  1. Composition and properties of the soil
  2. Farm structure and building layout
  3. Importance of farm structure and layout
  4. Introduction to farm machines
  5. Uses and maintenance of farm machines
  6. Meaning of crop propagation & methods of crop propagation
  7. Advantages & Disadvantages of crop propagation
  8. Types of cultural practices
  9. Classification & uses of farm Animal
  10. Uses of farm Animal continue
  11. FORMS OF AGRICULTURE Crop farming

Horticulture Apiculture Horticulture Fishery

Agricultural practices

  1. FORMS OF CROP PLANTS

SCHEME OF WORK FOR AGRIC. SCIENCE JSS 3

FIRST TERM

Composition and Properties of the soil Farm structures

Farm buildings

Sitting of School Farm and Layout of Farm Stead

SECOND TERM

Soil fertility and management Feeds and feeding

Farming and Cropping Systems: Farming systems

Cropping systems Crop rotation Fishery

Other aquatic organisms Farm animal husbandry

Management requirement in animal husbandry Soil conservation, methods factors of loss of soil fertility

Effects of soil conservation on environment

THIRD TERM

Stock Exchange Agricultural stock exchange

Importance of stock exchange in agriculture People that are into stock exchange

Export promotion in agriculture in Nigeria Nigeria export produce

Career opportunities in agriculture Packaging criteria

Pricing and advertising Records and book keeping

SCHEME OF WORK FOR HOME ECONOMIC JSS 1

FIRST TERM

INTRODUCTION OF HOME ECONOMICS

  • Meaning of home economics
  • Areas of home economic
  • Relationship of home economics to other subject PUBERTY AND ADOLESCENCE

A Meaning of puberty and adolescence B The signs of puberty in boys and girls

C The needs and challenges of the adolescent D Hygiene guides for an adolescent

SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS

A Meaning of sexually transmitted infections B The causes of STD

  • The signs of STI
  • prevention of STI
  • HIV/AIDS

THE RIGHT OF A CHILD

  • Meaning of right
  • Types of right
  • Who a child is
  • The right of a child
  • Right violation and what to do

SECOND TERM

FAMILY NEEDS

  • Family needs, goals and standards
  • Meaning and types of family needs and wants C Meaning of family goals and standards RELATIONSHIP AMONG FAMILY NEEDS
  • Goals and standards
  • Uses of family needs, goals and standard in resource management
  • Family resources and management

HEALTHY FEEDING PRACTICES

  • Healthy feeding practices
  • Healthy eating habits
  • Effects of unhealthy eating habits
  • Effects of unhealthy eating habits

FOOD ADDITIVES

A Food additives, uses, misuses and detection B Food contaminants

C Harmful substances that should not be consumed DRUG ABUSE

  • Meaning of drug abuse
  • Effects of drug abuse in the body

THIRD TERM

RESOURCES

  • Meaning of family resources
  • Types of family resources
  • Importance of resources DECISION MAKING
  • Meaning of decision making
  • Steps in decision making
  • Simple personal and family decisions FOOD PURCHASING
  • Meaning of food purchasing
  • Meaning of foo processing
  • Meaning of food preservation
  • Meaning of food safety FOOD
  • Identification of perishable food
  • Identification of non perishable foods C Risk factors in purchasing

FOOD

A Factor to consider when buying food B Wise buying practices

FOOD

  • Food processing methods
  • How to keep food safe

SCHEME OF WORK FOR HOME ECONOMIC JSS 2

FIRST TERM

Sign of puberty Hygiene and puberty Adolescence

Sexually transmitted disease

Impact of family values on life styles Human rights

SECOND TERM

Family conflict Family crisis

Food and nutrition – food nutrients Food hygiene and food preparation Managing of family clothing Household linen

THIRD TERM

Family house

Maintenance of family house Seam and seam  finishes Edge finishes

Body measurement and pattern drafting Introduction to textiles studies

SCHEME OF WORK FOR HOME ECONOMIC JSS 3

FIRST TERM

  1. Classes and properties of fibres
  2. Manufacture, identification and uses of fabric
  3. Basic element of design
  4. Figure types
  5. The sewing machine
  6. Garment construction process-facing and hemming
  7. Scientific study of foods

SECOND TERM

  1. Meal planning
  2. Buying and preservation of food
  3. Food preparation methods
  4. Marriage
  5. Pregnancy and childbirth
  6. Child development
  7. Scientific study of foods 8.

SCHEME OF WORK FOR CIVIC EDUCATION JSS 1

FIRST TERM

  • Value definition
  • Meaning and objective
  • Values meaning and importance
  • Levels of manifestation of value individual and society level
  • IST C. A.T
  • Factors that Promote Good Value System
  • Types of values honesty: meaning and attributes
  • Benefits  of honesty and  consequences of dishonesty

SECOND TERM

  • Types of value II cooperation-meaning factors promoting cooperation, attributes, beliefs andtypes
  • Types of values III self reliance meaning basis and attributes
  • Benefits of self reliance & consequences of undiscovered talents and undeveloped skills
  • Citizenship meaning and types of citizenship
  • Process of becoming a citizen through naturalization and registration

MID-TERM BREAK

  • Rights ad duties of acitizen

THIRD TERM

  • (i) Processes of becoming a citizen (ii)Rights and duties of a citizen
  • Rights and duties of a citizen
  • National consciousness meaning
  • Nigeria‘s national symbols and their meaning

6 Measures adopted to promote unity among Nigerians

8 National anthem and pledge

SCHEME OF WORK FOR CIVIC EDUCATION JSS 2

FIRST TERM

  1. Illiteracy- meaning, causes, consequences and solutions
  2. Right Attitude to Work- meaning, attributes, rewards and consequences of not having the right attitude to work
  3. Negative Behavior- meaning, effects and ways of promoting positive behavioural changes
  4. National Population Census- meaning, importance and problems
  5. Protection of Human Rights- meaning of human  rights, types of human rights and appropriate steps for protection of human rights
  6. Protection of the Rule of Law- meaning of rule of law, benefits of rule of law and protection of rule of law
  7. Voter Education- the importance of voting and process of voting
  8. Elections- meaning and importance of the election, electoral bodies; free and fair election; electoral malpractices and how to prevent them

SECOND TERM

  1. Nigerian Constitution- functions of a constitution, features of the constitution; features of 1999 constitution; roles of citizens in constitutional development
  2. Peace and Conflicts
  3. National Economic Life

SCHEME OF WORK FOR SOCIAL STUDIES JSS1

FIRST TERM

  1. Meaning, Scope and Nature of Social
  2. Objectives & Importance of Social
  3. Physical Environment: Meaning, Types and
  4. Resources in Our Environment and their
  5. Environmental Problem, Causes, Effects and
  6. Social Environment: Meaning and Types; Primary and  Group (Family) Types; Role and Responsibilities of
  7. Secondary Social Group: types, Structure, Roles and Responsibilities of
  8. Conflict Within Social Group:

Causes, Effect and Steps In Conflict Resolution.

  1. Influence of Man in the Environment
  2. Accidents in the Home and School.
  3. Needs for Accidents in the Home and School
  4. Measures for Safety in the Home, School and Workplace

SECOND TERM

  1. Revision of Last Term’s Work
  2. Socialization

Meaning, Significance & Processes.

  1. Agents of Socialization and Effects of
  2. Culture:

Meaning, Components & Features.

  1. Culture

Features of Culture

  1. Cultural  Similarities Among Nigerians
  2. Cultural Differences Among Nigerians
  3. The uniqueness of Nigerian Culture

THIRD TERM

  1. Revision of Last Term’s Work
  2. Social Issues and Problems Examination; Meaning and causes
  3. Social Issues  and Problems; Effects and Solution
  4.  Meaning,  Causes, Effects and Solution.
  5. HIV/AID Meaning, Causes, Effects and
  6. Problems Associated with Contemporary Social Problems in Nigeria: Individual, Family,
  7. Problems Associated with Contemporary Social Problems in Nigeria: Individual, Family,
  8. Measures of Solving Contemporary Social
  9. National Unity and Integration: Meaning, Needs and Importance.
  10. National Unity and Integration; Meaning, Needs and Importance.

SCHEME OF WORK FOR SOCIAL STUDIES JSS 2

FIRST TERM

SOCIAL GROUP

  1. TYPE/CHARACTERISTICS OF SOCIAL GROUP

Primary social group GROUP BEHAVIOR

Types of group behaviour Benefits of group behaviour

  1. MARRIAGE

Meaning and types of marriage Criteria for marriage

Benefits of marriage Problems/dangers of early marriage

  1. DRUG ABUSE

Meaning of Drug Abuse

Forms of drug  abuse Effect of drug abuse Measures of curbing abuse

  1. DRUG TRAFFICKING Meaning of drug trafficking Reasons of drug trafficking

Dangers of drug trafficking in Nigeria Measures of curbing drug trafficking

  1. POVERTY Meaning of poverty Causes of poverty

Ways of alleviating poverty

  1. CORRUPTION Meaning of corruption Abuses

Effects of corruption

Measures of checking corruption

CULTISM

  • Meaning of cultism
  • Reasons for membership Effects
  • Measures of reducing cultism

SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

  • Benefits of science and technology
  • Problems and solutions to problems of science and technology
  • COMMUNICATION
  • Meaning Types/forms of ICT
  • Advantages & Disadvantages

SECOND TERM

LIVING TOGETHER IN THE FAMILY Definition of a family

Conditions for living together as family Roles performed by an individual in the family

  • Father  (b)   Mother (c) Children

MEANING OF CULTURE Types of culture

Characteristics of culture Types of food in our culture

COMMON DRESSES IN OUR CULTURE Dress codes for selected culture

Factors that influence dress selection

COMMON HAIRSTYLES

  • Hairstyles for women and men
  • Care of the Hair Adornments
  • Usefulness of Adornments

Religion

Meaning and types of religion Similarities of our religion

OUR SCHOOL

  • Features of a school
  • Members of the school community Functions performed by each member
  • Ways of enhancing efficiency among the membership of the school

HOME APPLIANCES

  • Usefulness of appliances

Dangers in the wrong use of appliances Correct ways of using an electrical appliance

THIRD TERM

ACCIDENT IN THE SCHOOL Meaning of accident

Types of school accident Causes of accident

Prevention of school accidents

GENDER ROLES Gender similarities/differences Gender discrimination

Consequences & solution of gender discrimination

STORAGE Meaning of storage Methods of storing things Benefits of storing things

Savings Meaning of saving

Reasons for saving money Method of saving money

WHAT IS A BANK?

  • Advantages of keeping money in banks
  • Problems associated with banking
  • Prospects of banking operation in Nigeria

RESOURCES

  • Meaning and types of resources Usefulness of resources to man
  • Conservation of environmental resources

HARMFUL SUBSTANCE

Types of harmful substance to men Prevention of intake of harmful substance

TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM IN NIGERIA

  • Meaning/types of transportation Transportation on land, water and air
  • Advantages and disadvantages of the transportation system in Nigeria
  • Measures aimed at solving the problem

SCHEME OF WORK FOR SOCIAL STUDIES JSS 3

FIRST TERM

1 Trafficking in children and women Definition

Factors responsible for children and women trafficking Consequences of trafficking

  • Possible ways of preventing human trafficking

HARMFUL TRADITIONAL PRACTICES Definition

  • Types of harmful traditional practices in Nigeria Measures of preventing harmful traditional practices

POPULATION Meaning of population Basic units of population

  • Factors in securing population growth and control

FAMILY LIFE EDUCATION

  • Meaning of family life education Population and resources available Family size and consequences

PEACE

  • Meaning of peace Types of peace Importance of peace
  • Ways of promoting peace

CONFLICTS

  • Meaning of conflicts & types
  • Causes of conflicts Consequences  of conflicts
  • Non-violent methods of resolving conflicts

NATIONAL ECONOMY

  • Meaning of national economy Economic activities in Nigeria Trading
  • Farming Manufacturing Fishery

SECTORS OF AN ECONOMY

  • Meaning of a sector of an economy
  • Sectors of the Nigerian economy (a) primary (b) secondary
  • Tertiary sector
  • Importance of the economic activities in Nigeria

SECOND TERM

ECONOMIC INSTITUTION IN NIGERIA

  • Banks
  • Functions of commercial banks Functions of central banks of Nigeria

INSURANCES

  • Types of insurance Functions of insurance

Nigeria deposit insurance corporation (NDIC) Roles of NDIC

NIGERIAN STOCK EXCHANGE

  • Security and exchange commission
  • What is a share?
  • Roles of Nigerian stock exchange Roles of securities and exchange

TRANSPORTATION

  • Types of transportation Advantages of various types
  • Disadvantage of air, sea and road transport

GLOBAL INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION

  • Reasons for global international co-operation
  • Strategies for achieving global international cooperation
  • Consequence of global international co-operation

INTERNATIONAL CONFLICT

  • Causes of international conflict solutions

COMMON CRIMES AND ASSOCIATED PUNISHMENT

  • Crimes and national security

SCHEME OF WORK FOR MATHEMATICS JSS 1

FIRST TERM

1 Number and numeration (writing in figure)

  • C. M. of whole numbers
  • C. F. of whole numbers
  • Fractions
  1. Changing proper fractions to improper fraction and vice-versa
  2. Changing improper fractions to mixed number and vice-versa
  3. Equivalent fractions
  • Addition  and subtraction of fractions
  • Multiplication  and division of fractions
  • BODMAS of fractions
  • Estimation

SECOND TERM

  • Approximation
  • Number base – changing to binary numbers
  • Addition and subtraction of number base
  • Multiplication of number base
  • Basic operations (place value)
  • BODMAS
  • Decimal (Addition and subtraction)
  • Algebraic process
  • Word problem in Algebra

THIRD TERM

  • Word problem in symbolic terms
  • Simple equations
  • Statistics
  • Averages
  • Geometry (Plane shapes)
  • Solid shapes
  • Angles
  • Construction

SCHEME OF WORK FOR MATHEMATICS JSS2

FIRST TERM

  • Whole number and decimal number
  • Prime factors
  • C. M. of whole number
  • C. F. of whole number
  • Square root
  • Fractions (ratios, decimals and percentages)
  • Commercial Arithmetic
  • Approximation
  • Multiplication and division of directed numbers

SECOND TERN

  • Algebraic expression
  • Algebraic expression
  • Simple Equation
  • Linear inequality
  • Graph of linear Inequality
  • Plane shapes
  • Scale drawing
  • Estimation

THIRD TERM

  • Angles between lines
  • Angles in a polygon
  • Pythagoras theorem
  • Statistics
  • Probability
  • Areas and volume of cylinder
  • Volume of a cone
  • Mean, median and mode

SCHEME OF WORK FOR MATHEMATICS JSS3

FIRST TERM

Number Bases

  • Converting decimal to other  bases
  • Converting other bases to base ten

Number Bases

  • Multiplication and division in non-decimal bases.

Computer Application

  • Use of punch cards to store information. b.Translating information on punch cards to coded form. Writing familiar words in coded form.

Word Problems

  1. Translating word problems into numerical expression.
  2. Interpretation of word problems involving sum and difference into numerical

Interpretation of word problems involving product and division into numerical

  1. Combining division, product with sum and difference in word

Proportion and Variation

  1. Direct and inverse proportion. b.Direct and inverse variation. c.Joint and partial variation

Approximations

  1. Approximating to decimal places and significant figures.
  2. Calculating and approximating to whole numbers.
  3. Calculating and approximating to given significant figures.

Factorization

  • Removing brackets
  • Factorization of taking common factors.
  • Simplifying calculation by factorization.
  • Factorization of quadratic expression
  • Factorization of perfect squares.
  • Factorization of difference of two squares.

Compound

2ND TERM

1 Simple equation involving fractions.

Word problems involving

Simultaneous Equation

  • Elimination Method
  • Substitution Method

Simultaneous Equation

  • Graphical Method
  • Word problems leading to simultaneous equation

Similar Shapes

  • Calculation of similar
  • Change of Subject Formula

Trigonometry

  • Tangent of angles

Trigonometry

  • Sine and cosine of angles

Construction

  • Bisection of line and angle
  • Construction of 90o, 45, 60 and 30
  1. Statistics

Revision of Mean, Medium and Mode

  • Revision of pie charts

SCHEME OF WORK FOR COMPUTER JSSI

Types of screen display

  1. Printers: Functions of printer, types of printer
  2. Speakers
  3. Plotters
  4. Video graphic cards and sound cards etc

FIRST TERM

FUNDAMENTALS OF COMPUTER

Constituents of a Computer

  1. Hard ware: System unit,Peripherals
  2. Soft ware: System software, Application software

Characteristics of a computer with computer Terminology

DATA AND INFORMATION

  • Definitions of data and information
  • Examples of data and information
  • Differences between data and information
  • How the computer process data
  • Diagrammatic representation of a computer

COMPUTATION DEVICES I (PRE-COMPUTER AGE TO 19TH CENTURY)

  • The Abacus
  • Features, components and uses Napier’s Bone
  • Features, components and uses Slide Rule
  • Features, components and uses
  • Pascal’s Calculator, Leibnitz multipliers, Jacquards Loom Charles Babbage
  • Difference and Analytic engine, Augusta Ada Byron, Hollerith Census machine,
  • Punched cards, Burroughs, the comptometer and the cash register.

COMPUTING DEVICES II (20THCENTURY TO DATE)

  • Antana soft Berry computer, Electronic Numerical integrator and calculator
  • Electronic Discrete Variable Automatic Computer Universal Automatic Computer
  • Desktop Personal Computer Laptops and Notebooks
  • Difference between laptop and Notebooks Other forms of portable device.

SECOND TERM

INPUT  DEVICES:

  1. Definition
  2. Types
  3. The computer keyboard: Types, Functions, commands
  4. The mouse: Type, function, features etc
  5. Pointing stick, joy stick, track ball, bar code reader, optical character recognition, magnetic ink character recognition etc.

OUTPUT DEVICES:

  1. Definition
  2. Monitor: Types of monitor

COMPUTER SYSTEM SOFTWARE:

  1. Definitions,
  2. Types
  3. Categories of application packages

PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES:

  1. Definitions
  2. Different level of programming languages
  3. Advantages and disadvantages of the different level of programming language.
  4. FIFTH GENERATION PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE

THIRD TERM

COMMUNICATION SYSTEM:

  1. Definition of I.C.T,
  2. Types of I.C.T
  3. Broadcasting
  4. Telecommunications
  5. Data Networks
  6. Information system and Satellite Communications.

APPLICATION AREAS OF C.T

  1. Tele-conferencing
  2. Tele presence
  3. Tele commuting
  4. Video conferencing
  5. Tele communication and networking
  6. Multimedia message services
  7. Instant messaging

C.T BASED GADGETS

BASIC COMPUTER OPERATIONS

  1. Booting
  2. Description of the booting process
  3. Types of booting
  4. Components of the windows desktop.
  5. Practical’s on other simple basic computer operations.

WORD PROCESSING

  1. Definitions
  2. Examples of Word Processor
  3. Features of Word Processor

PRESENTATION PACKAGE

  1. Definitions
  2. Examples of a presentation package
  3. Features of Word Processor using the presentation package.

SCHEME OF WORK FOR COMPUTER JSS 2

FIRST TERM

  1. Classification of computer
  2. Concept of the computer system, component of computer system
  3. The computer system, the hardware component
  4. The computer system, the software and people ware
  5. Computer software and type of soft ware
  6. Operating system
  7. Unit of storage in computer
  8. Computer files and file organization, data hierarchy

SECOND TERM

  1. Graphic packages I: Meaning and feature of graphic package
  2. Graphic packages II: Paint environment and paint tools and their functions
  3. Drawing with paint
  4. Information and Communication Technology
  5. Internet
  6. Computer ethics: responsible ways of using the computer and internet
  7. Areas of misuse of computer and internet
  8. Revision
  9. Examination

THIRD TERM

  1. Internet I: Creating an email account and how to check email account and send an email
  2. Internet II: Internet environment and chatting on the web, network group
  3. Number bases: Type of number system
  4. Logic gates
  5. Computer professionals
  6. Computer professional bodies
  7. Revision
  8. Examination

SCHEME OF WORK FOR COMPUTER JSS3

FIRST TERM

  1. Internet search engines
  2. Digital divide
  3. Programming languages
  4. Translator
  5. Programming tools
  6. Basic programming language

SECOND TERM

  1. Spreadsheet packages: definition and uses of spreadsheet packages
  2. Spreadsheet packages: features and terminologies
  3. Worksheets: enter data in a work sheet
  4. Worksheets: calculation on work sheets
  5. Graphs: type of graphs

THIRD TERM

  1. Computer virus

SCHEME OF WORK FOR BASIC TECHNOLOGY JSS 1

FIRST TERM

Introduction to technology

Meaning, types and importance

  • Technology workshop and safety
  • Wood as technological material

Classification and properties

  • Metals as technological materials

Identification and properties

  • Ceramics, cement and glass as technological materials

Properties and sources

  • Rubber and plastics as technological materials

Classification and properties

SECOND TERM

  1. Drawing Instruments
  2. Board practice and uses of lines in technical drawing
  3. Free-hand sketching and scale drawing
  4. Woodwork tools I
  5. Woodwork tools II
  6. Tools, measuring, marking out and driving tools
  7. Tools for boring, work holding, cutting and planning

THIRD TERM

  1. Concept of energy and power
  2. Introduction to electronics (electron emission theory)
  3. Electronic circuit components
  4. Building materials and types of
  5. Components of simple domestic buildings and building blueprint
  6. Introduction to maintenance
  7. Introduction to ICT (The Computer)

SCHEME OF WORK FOR BASIC TECHNOLOGY JSS2

1ST TERM

You and technology

Information and Communication Technology (ICT)

  • Analogue and digital communication system and ICT access level
  • First aid materials and uses of first aid
  • Materials and processing

Wood, uses of wood and types of wood

  • Metals, uses of metals and types of metals
  • Ceramics, uses of ceramics and properties of ceramics

Plastics and Rubber

  • Uses of plastics and
  • Types of plastics and rubber

SECOND TERM

  1. Geometrical Construction
    • Lines
    • Angles
    • Circles
  2. Triangles
    • Quadrilateral
    • Plane figures
  3. Tools and Materials
    • Metal work hand tools
    • Marking out tools
    • Measuring tools
  4. Driving out tools
    • Cutting out tools
  5. Energy Based Technological Appliances (Operation of a pressing iron)
  6. Operation of an electric kettle
  7. Operation of cookers Water heater and gas lamp
  8. Operation of kerosene cooker
  9. Charcoal pressing iron
  10. Wood work machines
  11. Metal work machines
  12. Belt and Chain drill and gears

THIRD TERM

Transmission of electricity

  1. Transmission of electricity at low and high frequency
  2. Components of the transmission system
  3. Building construction and building plan (site preparation)
  4. Mechanical tools used in site preparation
  5. Clearing of vegetation

Setting out

  • Setting out materials

Foundation of building

  • Types of foundation

Introduction to maintenance

  • Simple maintenance

Care of common goods and domestic goods

  • Care of domestic goods continues
  • Maintenance of furniture, table, chair, bed,etc

SCHEME OF WORK FOR BASIC TECHNOLOGY JSS 3

FIRST TERM

Career prospects and opportunities

  • Technology related to career

Production of materials

  • Conversion and seasoning of timber
  • Methods of seasoning

Veneer and manufactured boards

  • Methods of cutting veneers

Drawing practice

  • Technical drawing

Tools and machines

  • Workshop rules and regulations

Simple wood work project

  • Wood joints constructions

Non-wood materials

Joining of wooden pieces with fasteners and fitting

Floors, doors and windows

THIRD TERM

Revision and Technical drawing

  • Isometric drawing
  • Orthographic drawing

SCHEME OF WORK FOR ENGLISH LANGUAGE JSS 1

1ST TERM

Week 1:

  • Introduction to speech production
  • Vocabulary associated with building portative’s
  • Introduction to literature 1 functions

Week 2:

The discounted fish Vowel / / and /D/

Vocabulary associated with transport Genres of literature-prose and poetry

Week 3: Adjectives

Consonants /f/ and /v/

How to make a candle stand

Feature of drama as a genre of literature

Week 4: Vowels / / Nouns

Vocabulary associated with home and family figure of speech

Week 5: Writing composition using simple sentences /paragraphing

Week 6: The simple English sentence Vowels /i/ and /s/

Poem analysis

Week 7: Consonant /p/ and /b/ Noun phrases and quantifies

The zeal for secondary school I the day school began (Folklore)

Week 8: Verbs

Vocabulary associated with the school

SECOND TERM

Mechanical energy (friction and its effect)

informal letters

Play analysis of ‘Tears of a Bride”

  • Advantages and disadvantages of friction
  • Lubrication and its importance

Gears, Belt and Chain-drive

  • Gears ratio and speed ratio
  • Calculation of gear ratio and speed ratio

Motion and types of motion

  • Devices that exhibit rotary motion
  • Conversion of rotary motion to linear motion

Laws of motion

  • Newton’s first, second and third laws of motion

Air flow and pneumatics

  • Bernaulli’s principle
  • Hydraulic presses and pneumatic devices
  • Water wheels
  • Turbines etc
  • Method of joining metals. E.g soldering and types
  • Welding and types of welding
  • Forging, riveting, belt and nuts

Consonants /t/ and /d/ Hard work has a reward Articles

Play analysis of ‘Tears of a Bride’ By Oyekunle Oyedeli

SECOND TERM

Week 1: Subject and object pronouns and possession

Debate writing

Vocabulary associated with the market literary appreciation

Week 2: Vowels/u:/ and / / Singular and plural verbs The verb phrase Prepositions

Vocabulary associated with water transfer

folklore

Week 3: Partitives

Vocabulary associated with rail transport Vowel s / / and / /

Narrative essay Legends

Week 4: Adverbs and adverbials Consonants /k/ and /g/

Consonant clusters

Vocabulary associated with farming thematic analysis

Week 5: The founding of Benin Kingdom

SCHEME OF WORK FOR ENGLISH LANGUAGE JSS 2

1ST TERM

Week 1 Revision of vowels

Vowels / / /I /, /I / / and /a:/

The parts of speech/Negative statements Vocabulary associated  with  health Reading comprehension (to understand the

writer’s purpose)

Prose:

The meaning and type’s chapters 1 and II of text book Week

2: Falling and rising intonation in statements.

Week 7: Compound sentence Conjunctions

Vocabulary associated with agriculture Adjective

Figure of speech Vowel  / / Letter writing Informal letters

Simple sentences Consonants /ts/ / /

THIRD TERM

Week 1: Punctuation marks – Hyphen, colon, Brackets and apostrophe

Vocabulary associated with Islamic religions vowel

Week 2: Complex Sentences relative clauses Register associated with government and polities

Consonant /o/ and / / Tears of a bride

Week 3: Future Tenses Vowel /e/ Apostrophes ( ) The police

Tears of a Bride continued

Week 4: Report writing Consonants / / and / /

Vocabulary associated with corruption Poetry my mother

Week 5: Preposition in phrases of time Capital letters

Reading from main ideas Wrong decision

Week 6: Duration –while+ clauses, until + phrases

Vocabulary associated with cultism The taxi driver

Week 7: Complex sentences adverbial clauses vowel / /

Yes/No questions and tag questions Words associated with health

Guided composition-writing title, using capital letters and punctuation

Chapters 3, 4 and 5

Week 3: Vowels /   /   / / u: / and /u / Nouns and plural nouns

Vocabulary associated with administrative setting

Countable and uncountable nouns Chapters 6 , 7, and 8

Week 4: Consonants /m/ / / / / and /r/

Commands

Words associated with administrative setting

Continuous writing – Linkers

The themes characters and plot of the novel

Week 5:

Intonation patterns in commands and questions

Wh – questions

Reading to identify the meanings of words in various Contexts, facts, opinion

What is drama, different forms , elements and dramatic devices Vowels / / / / / /

Week 6: Request

Words associated with banking/religion Poetry – some poetic devices, types of

poem

and the poem, the land of unease

Week 7: Consonants /h/ / w / and / j/ Informal letters

Reading for speed, facts and meanings of words in various contexts

Reporting statements Drama.

SECOND TERM

Vowel

The use of semicolons c: y Drama: C prose

Week 8:

Consonants / / and / / Writing a diary

Obedience

Week 1:

  • Consonant clusters
  • Reporting questions
  • Government and politics Exposition – the Atmosphere Prose

Week: 2

  • The Diphthongs;
  • Reporting commands  and request
  • Government and politics Exposition
  • Prose
  • Formal/informal letters Drama

Week; 7

  • Poem
  • Reading

Week : 3

  • Diphthongs
  • Comprehension
  • Drama
  • adverbs
  • Comparative and superlative adjectives and
  • Government and politics
  • Reading comprehension – persuasion Prose

Week: 8 Active/passive verbs

Rhyme and rhythms in:

poems

Drama.

Week: 4

Weak forms Intensifiers

Law and orders Formal letter Prose

Week: 5

Word boundary

Adverbs and other

forms

Law and order Argument Poetry

Week: 6

Compound words

Prepositions of places and location

Reading to identify the

meanings of words in various context

Poetry  Formal letters

Week: 7

Drama

THIRD TERM

Week: 1 Phrase commonly used in speech Adverbials – The future

Mass media Towards summary Prose

Week: 2 Questions and their  tags Adverbial – Adverbs of frequency Mass media

Towards summary Prose

Week: 3 Vowels, diphthongs in mixed pairs Cause and reason

Petroleum and mining Report writing

Prose

Week: 4 Consonant clusters

Forms for expressing purpose Petroleum and mining Summary

Week: 5 Strong and weak forms of words Adverbials – forms for expressing condition

Petroleum – Vocabulary

Continuous writing: my school/a market

Prose

Week: 6 Contrasting statements Cake making

SCHEME OF WORK FOR BASIC SCIENCE JSS 1

1ST TERM

  1. Family Health(cleanliness)
  2. Nutrition
  3. Environmental Conservation and Safety (Maintaining Balance)
  4. Environmental Conservation and Safety(Sanitation)
  5. Disease Vector
  6. Immunization and prevention of STIs (HIV/AIDS)
  7. Drug Abuse
  8. The Earth in Space

2ND TERM

Disease Prevention Immunization

Prevention of STIs HIV/AIDS Drug Abuse

The Earth In Space – the Solar System Matter – Definition and State

Living Things – characteristics Differences between Plants and Animals Activities of living things

Non-living things

Gravitation and Weightlessness

3RD TERM

  1. Gravitation and Weightlessness
  2. Space Travel
  3. Satellites
  4. Energy
  5. Renewable and Non-Renewable energy
  6. Force
  7. Friction

SCHEME OF WORK FOR BASIC SCIENCE JSS 2

1ST TERM

  1. Family health(Diseased)
  2. Environmental pollution
  3. Drug abuse
  4. Habitat
  5. Uniqueness of man

2ND TERM

  1. Changes in matter
  2. Changes in living things
  3. The human skeletal system
  4. The human  respiratory system
  5. The human  circulatory system
  6. The human digestive system
  7. The human reproductive system
  8. Excretion

3RD TERM

  1. Information and Communication Technology
  2. Crude oil  and petroleum
  3. Work energy and power
  4. Simple machine
  5. Wheel and axle
  6. The screw jack
  7. Levers
  8. Gears

SCHEME OF WORK FOR BASIC SCIENCE JSS 3

1ST TERM

  1. Family Traits Genetics
  2. Soil Erosion
  3. Flooding
  4. Bush Burning
  5. Deforestation
  6. Desertification
  7. Depletion of the Ozone Layer and its Effects
  8. Drug Abuse

SECOND TERM

  1. Metabolism in the Human Body
  2. Sense Organs
  3. Reproductive Health
  4. Chemical Symbols, Formula and Equations
  5. Atomic Structure
  6. Resources from Living Things
  7. Resources from Non-Living Things

This is the government endorsed scheme of work for all Junior secondary schools currently in Nigeria, we will make the word document and PDF file available soonest for easy downloads.

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Education

I’m attracted to you, but not physically – Erica to Laycon (Video)

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I’m attracted to you, but not physically – erica to laycon (video)

BBNaija housemate, Erica has opened up to Laycon that she is not in any way attracted to him physically, but mentally.

She made this known to the rapper during a discussion yesterday after he approached her to reiterate his interest in her.

Recall that Laycon had told Erica on Tuesday that he had feelings for her and cares about being in a relationship with her.

However, hours later, Erica and Kiddwaya had a steamy session in bed.

Seeking clarifications on Tuesday night, Laycon approached Erica to reveal her feelings for him.

Related:  Download Video: Hellas Verona 2 – 3 Bologna Highlights

During the conversation, Erica told Laycon that she is only mentally attracted to him but physically attracted to Kiddwaya.

Eric said:

“I’M MENTALLY ATTRACTED TO YOU BUT ATTRACTED TO KIDDWAYA PHYSICALLY. I’VE DECIDED NOT TO OVERTHINK ANYTHING WITH KIDDWAYA ,I JUST WANT TO BE HAPPY. LET’S JUST GO BACK TO HOW WE WERE BUT I HATE MAKING OTHERS FEEL BAD.”

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Education

10 African Countries With the Most Number of Universities

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10 african countries with the most number of universities

Brief History of African Universities

It is being observed that those individuals who are intellectuals, as well as the higher education institutions that foster and harbour them, have significant roles to play in the development of a society. Even so, historical studies of higher education institutions on the African continent remain significantly scarce. While certain exceptions do exist, even these have only a limited focus.

One likely explanation is the fact that the African continent as a whole is simply too large as a unit of analysis. Another is the compartmentalization of researchers by the official languages of the regions to be studied, making any comprehensive analysis beyond boundaries such as Anglophone and Francophone quite tricky. Given this situation, moreover, it is understandable that a few historical works on higher education in Africa that have been written in English are biased toward the former British colonies after colonialism.

Among those works that focused on higher education under British influence, in which Eric Ashby is often referred to as a classic.

More recent works include that of Okunor, which focused on West African countries under strong British and American influence such as Gold Coast, Sierra Leone, and Liberia. A significant additional work on higher education is the Eastern and Southern African Universities Research Programme that was conducted in 1984. Such studies commonly view the colonial era as the beginning of modern higher education in Africa and do not refer to the higher education institutions that existed before colonialism.

It is well known that people who are scholars, as well as the higher education institutions that foster and harbor them, have significant roles to play in the development of a society. Even so, historical studies of higher education institutions on the African continent remain significantly scarce.

While certain exceptions do exist, even these have only a limited focus. One likely explanation is the fact that the African continent as a whole is simply too large as a unit of analysis. Another is the compartmentalization of researchers by the official languages of the regions to be studied, making any comprehensive analysis beyond boundaries such as Anglophone and Francophone quite tricky. Given this situation, moreover, it is understandable that a few historical works on higher education in Africa that have been written in English are biased toward the former British colonies after colonialism.

African Universities Ranking Among Others

There are many different rankings and league tables, and several African universities consistently per population. The University Rankings focuses on four broad areas that they feel are of particular interest to prospective students: research, teaching, employability, and international outlook.

These four key areas are assessed using six indicators, with each given a different percentage weighting. A strong emphasis is placed on

  1. Academic reputation
  2. Faculty/student ratio
  3. Citations per faculty
  4. Employer reputation
  5. International student ratio
  6. International staff ratio

The World University Rankings places a strong emphasis on reputation. The ‘academic reputation’ is assessed through a global survey completed by academics, and the ’employer reputation’ is assessed through a survey of employers worldwide. While the rankings also score research citations, smaller and specialist institutions can be included in this ranking if they have a strong global reputation.

Notably, South Africa has four universities ranked among the top 200 in Africa;however, here are a few African universities that made it under the top 1000 in the world.

S/N University Country African Ranking World Ranking
1 University of Cape Town South Africa 1 136th
2 University of the Witwatersrand South Africa 2 194th
3 Stellenbosch University South Africa 3 259th
4 Aswan University Egypt 4 436th
5 Covenant  University Nigeria 5 451th 
6 University  of  Kwazulu-Natal South Africa 6 472th
7 Mansoura University Egypt 7 493th
8 University of Ibadan Nigeria 8 524th
9 North-West University Nigeria 9 557th
10 Suez Canal University Egypt 10 586th

Top 10 African Countries with the Most Universities

University education is more than the next level in the learning process; it is a critical component of human development worldwide. It provides not only the high-level skills necessary for every labour market but also the training essential for teachers, doctors, nurses, civil servants, engineers, humanists, entrepreneurs, scientists, social scientists, and a myriad of other personnel. It is these trained individuals who develop the capacity and analytical skills that drive local economies, support civil society, teach children, lead capable governments, and make critical decisions that affect entire societies.

An educated populace is vital in today’s world, with the convergent impacts of globalization, the increasing importance of knowledge as a primary driver of growth, and the information and communication revolution. Knowledge accumulation and application have become significant factors in economic development and are increasingly at the core of a country’s competitive advantage in the global economy.

The combination of increased computing power, diminishing prices of hardware and software, improvement of wireless and satellite technologies, and reduced telecommunication costs have all but removed the space and time barriers to information access and exchange.

S/N Country Number Of Universities Country By Population
1 Nigeria 152 206,139,000
2 South  Africa 136 59,308,123
3 Ethiopia 134 114,963,129
4 Democratic Republic of Congo 60 89,561,456
5 Egypt 55 102,334,567
6 Sudan 52 43,849,234
7 Uganda 46 45,741,567
8 Algeria 39 43,851,786
9 Kenya 39 53,771,234
10 Tanzania 33 59,786,123

These countries simultaneously raised their rates of participation in higher education. Indeed, the countries that benefited most from integration with the world economy achieved the most marked increases in educational levels.

Besides, there is growing evidence that university education, through its role in empowering domestic constituencies, building institutions, and nurturing favourable regulatory frameworks and governance structures, is vital to a country’s efforts. This is to increase social capital and to promote social cohesion, which is proving to be an essential determinant of economic growth and development.

Benefits of Studying in an African University

Study and learn during a Different way
Often those studying in Africa will experience a completely new way of teaching. this will be daunting, but it’ll also open your mind to new ways of learning.

Opportunity to make unforgettable experiences
Study shows that folks are happier and feel more fulfilled once they spend on experience than once they buy new things. once you consider the items that bring you the foremost joy, they’re usually memorable experiences. you’ll get tons of that from studying in Africa

African Degrees are well respected It
If pursuing knowledgeable career is your goal, international education and knowledge on the CV will assist you stand out. it’ll also represent you as someone who is up for a challenge. Especially now that African universities are climbing the ranks in world university rankings

Opportunity to get unique ideas and opportunities
Most of the successful businesses in Africa and Asia were found out by people that gained international exposure and education. Econet, Celtel, IrokoTv, Jumia, and more. By studying in Africa, if you’re curious, you’ll find new ways to unravel a drag back home.

Opportunity to find out a replacement language
Studying during a country that speaks a special official language as yours is among the simplest ways to find out or brush up a replacement language. Imagine being close to communicate in German, French, or Mandarin. that would are available handy along your career path. Africa is diverse when it involves languages. All you’ve got to try to to is pick those that interest you the foremost .

Studying during a foreign country is different from tourism
Travel for a vacation is extremely different from settling during a foreign country for a yearlong study. you’ll get to experience your home of study for a more extended period and familiarize yourself with local knowledge like what tourist traps to avoid and the way to urge the foremost out of your new city.

Opportunity to experience the rich African culture
Yes, food. you only haven’t any idea about the variability of food that exists out there. you’ll never know until you venture out. you’ll even discover your new favourite.

Opportunity to require advantage of lower tuition fees
This, of course, depends on where you study in Africa. However, if you select a location in many parts of continental Europe, Asia, and Latin America , you’ll find it’s impossible to review at a highly reputed university without stepping into debt.

You will meet a various range of individuals
You will experience exposure to several differing types of individuals won’t only assist you to develop your people skills, but it’ll also offer you a firmer knowledge of others.

Enjoy international student discounts
Many famous Universities in Africa destinations offer student discounts for various activities, from transportation, bookstores to movie tickets and museums. you only need to spend wisely.

Opportunity to form lifelong friends
You will quickly develop the attitude that we are during this , along side other international students. this will end in lifelong friendships, even with the local students. you’ll not love every single person you meet, but the probabilities are that you’ll meet a minimum of one lifelong friend.

You will gain a more excellent knowledge of various cultures
As you observe and learn why people from different cultures do things the way they are doing , your emotional intelligence develops. you’ll learn to be less judgmental.

Opportunity to become spontaneous and adventurous
Being during a foreign environment ignites your adventurous nature. You tend to require to explore your new environment. Open your mind up to new experiences and sights and learn an excellent deal while having some fun.

Opportunity to explore together with your spare time
In between lectures and lab sessions, studying Africa should leave you with many time to explore. Whether you’re one for visiting iconic landmarks, trying new foods, or bartering at local markets, there’s sure to be a far better way of paying some time than scrolling through Facebook!

There is a robust involve strengthening universities and research within the new Continental Education Strategy for Africa 2016-2025. Its objectives include boosting postgraduate and post-doctoral education and growing competitive awards to nurture young academics, more international research cooperation, and expanding centres of excellence and institutional links.

Tertiary education and research are given more stress than in previous education statements, reflecting continental realization of their importance to growth and development.

The Continental Education Strategy for Africa 2016-2025, or CESA 16-25, is driven by a desire to realize quality education and training that gives the continent with “efficient human resources adapted to African core values and thus ready to achieve the vision and ambitions of the African Union.”

Strategic Objectives of African Universities
Revitalize the teaching profession to make sure quality and relevance in the least levels of education.
To build, rehabilitate, and support education infrastructure and develop policies that ensure a permanent stress-free and conducive learning environment for all to expand access to quality education in the least levels, including informal and non-formal settings.
Harness the capacity of ICT to enhance access, quality, and management of education and training systems.
Ensure acquisition of requisite knowledge and skills also as improved completion rates altogether groups through harmonization processes across all levels for national and regional integration.
Accelerate processes resulting in gender parity and equity.
Launch comprehensive and useful literacy programs across the continent.
Strengthen the science and arithmetic curricula in youth training and disseminate knowledge domain and culture in society.
Expand technical and vocational opportunities at both secondary and tertiary levels and strengthen linkages between the planet of labor and education and training systems.
Revitalize and expand tertiary education, research, and innovation to deal with continental challenges and promote global competitiveness.
Promote peace education and conflict prevention and determination in the least levels of education and for all age groups.
Improve management of education systems and build capacity for data collection, management, analysis, communication, and use.
Create a coalition of stakeholders to facilitate and support activities resulting from the implementation of CESA 16-25. Of importance to education is that the got to train well-qualified teachers and deliver continuous professional development.
Good university programs should integrate entrepreneurship and leadership training in their curriculum, in order that they produce graduates who have the soft-skills to play an impactful role in Africa’s economic transformation, and who begin not as job-seekers but as job creators. Eventually, aligning education to the stress of the market requires that we measure how successful universities fuse the lecture hall with the planet of labor .

Furthermore, the African countries with the foremost universities span across ten countries, from Uganda within the east to Nigeria within the west, Morocco within the north to South Africa at the southernmost tip of the continent.

In the University rankings, Two of South Africa’s universities feature within the top 200 of the worldwide rankings: the University of Cape Town is Africa’s top university, sitting at joint 136th position, while the University of Witwatersrand occupies the joint 194th spot.

Overall, Egypt and South Africa are the 2 best represented African countries within the ranking, with 20 and 10 universities each. Egypt, Nigeria, and South Africa all have universities within the top 500 of the worldwide ranking. Finally, the ranking rates university performance using 13 different indicators; a number of which are measuring teaching, research, research impact, innovation, and international outlook.

In summary, variety is that the spice of life. Why not take that bold step towards gaining admission to review in Africa. YOUR SUCCESS MATTERS!

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Education

How to design social networks: design tips, image sizes, useful services

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How to design social networks: design tips, image sizes, useful services

Today we are using generated company symbols to properly mark your social networks.
If you still do not have a logo and corporate identity, then our Logaster generator will always help to develop them quickly and efficiently.

Why should your business be represented on social networks?
Social networks are an integral part of the modern Internet, they have a huge audience and will become worthy platforms for promoting your brand. So, why does your company have to have pages on popular social networks?

Internet reputation management. Corporate social media accounts will help you post the most current, relevant and reliable information about the company, cover its activities from the best perspectives, which will positively affect your reputation;

Strengthen industry influence. Social networks are considered to be a powerful networking tool – creating useful links in the industry that interests you. Owing to this, you can quickly identify and collect useful information and connections for potential customers , associates, staff, investors;

Expanding audience reach. With the help of social networks, you will be able to significantly increase the number of points of contact with the target audience, a significant part of which may want to purchase your goods or services;

Improving customer loyalty. By regularly visiting your corporate accounts, you can work with customer reviews, complaints and suggestions. Prompt feedback will help you make your audience much more loyal and positive;

More effective search engine promotion. Conscientious maintenance of pages on social networks with frequent updating of unique content will significantly improve the position of your company’s website in search engine delivery (Google, Yandex);

Benefits for other marketing tools. Proper use of social media will bring an additional effect for solving other marketing tasks of your brand – from a corporate blog and electronic mailings to webinars or offline events.How to design social networks: design tips, image sizes, useful services

We have therefore mentioned the principal reasons why you should build company accounts in common social networks.

More reasons can be found here.

What social networks should be made out?
The choice of the channel with which you can “reach out” to the target audience, and the competent design of the profile is an important and necessary marketing move.

The most popular among businesses in the CIS are sites such as Instagram, Facebook, VK, Odnoklassniki, YouTube. Here are some tips for choosing social networks for maintaining and promoting:

Which social networks should be emphasized largely depends on the subject of the project. For example, if your business is associated with any kind of creativity, then social networks such as YouTube (for creating video content), Instagram (photos of products, especially designer clothes, clothes, hand-made), SoundCloud (writing music) are best suited for its promotion.

If you have a typical company, VK and Facebook will provide the best response to the “basic” social networks. As for the Instagram service, it has proven itself for various areas of online business, including online stores (especially with goods for women), creative services, etc.

Closely monitor web analytics – it will help determine which services the largest number of visitors and purchases come to you from. By default, VK, Facebook, Odnoklassniki are considered the most useful among our entrepreneurs, followed by Twitter, Instagram and Youtube.

At the same time, we recommend not to “spray” on all available social networks, but to focus on those that lead major customers. It will be useful to study the pages of competitors, which can suggest some useful details. Of course, this advice is for those projects that already have a small traffic to the site.

You can also create corporate accounts in all specified social networks, arrange them, but only 2-3 of them are actively promoted and updated – the most effective for you. So you can save your time and at the same time not miss potential customers.

How to design social networks: design tips, image sizes, useful services

How to design social networks: design tips, image sizes, useful services

A professional publishing and communication strategy for every channel is equally essential. For example, Facebook and VK are ideally suited for posting informational content (posts, articles, news), working with reviews, orders and customer requests, targeted advertising, etc.

In turn, Instagram ideally sells goods or services with photos, and on YouTube you can effectively post video reviews and presentations of your products, instructions.

Proper design of social networks – why is it so important?
It is not enough just to create company accounts in social networks, you also need to issue them in a high-quality manner. Proper branding plays a very important role, since any Internet user is now simply overloaded with information, especially in social networks. There is an opinion that an ordinary person sees hundreds of logos of various brands every day – both online and in reality.

Do not believe? Then just look back on the sides, go to your favourite sites and count the number of corporate symbols surrounding you.

Careful design of social networks will help to stand out against the background of numerous visual “spam”, and it will also provide your business with a number of advantages:

With it, you can attract the attention of users, help them better know your brand, highlight it against the background of symbols of other companies and competitors. The presence of a logo or other elements of corporate identity will allow the audience not to miss important news, promotions or other updates to your company;

You will be able to create a more holistic image of the company by branding social networks. Such sites are very important points of contact with customers, so the use of corporate identity will help you to remain consistent, while maintaining the integrity of your image in the eyes of the audience;

Branded content looks more attractive than regular photos, videos or text. With it, you can increase customer loyalty, gently advertise your brand, “accustom” them to your materials – as a result, they will respond positively to them by default.

As you can see, the competent design of social networks is of great importance for any enterprise, helping to establish a closer relationship with customers, which will positively affect the development of your business.

Social Media Branding Tips
So, you have developed a logo and corporate identity, created pages on social networks, defined their main goals (promotion of goods / services, work with reviews, etc.). Now is the time to proceed to the design of your accounts, following these tips:

Be consistent with the style of the pages, everywhere use the same fonts, color schemes, graphic elements, etc. Only in this way will you achieve that people will recognize your corporate colors even without a logo or company name;

The dimensions and other parameters of your logo should be adapted to the requirements of each individual social network. Do not use the logo of the same size for all sites, as it can be displayed there in cropped or stretched form. By the way, the Logaster service will help you immediately download various logo options of all necessary dimensions for popular social networks;

If the space on the avatar is limited, then it is better to use a simplified version of the logo, for example, without a text warehouse;

Pay special attention to the cover and photo (logo) of the account, because it is on them that the first look of each visitor is directed. It is important that they have the same style and color scheme with your corporate identity. You will be able to find a suitable caption for the theme of your business on photo stocks, or you can order it from a designer;

We recommend that you follow identical positioning and design when designing pages on different social networks. For example, if your logo on Facebook is in the lower right corner, then try to place it in about the same place and on other platforms (if possible);

You can also put any short text on the cover of your account – especially if it is really important / interesting information, for example, about a promotion, and you want users to see it first.

Having completed the design of the page, be sure to test it on all possible devices – PC, laptop, tablet, smartphone, etc. Make sure that all key elements look equally good at any screen resolution, not stretched or cropped. Any seeming trifle can significantly affect the reputation of your company and the loyalty of its audience.

Next, we will tell you how to upload your logo to the pages of popular social networks.

How to add an avatar (profile photo) on social networks
Below we consider the process of uploading a logo to Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Vkontakte, OK.ru, LinkedIn, YouTube and Pinterest. Make sure you have the right size logo versions.

Image sizes for social networks (2020):
Facebook
Image to external links: 1200 x 628 px
Picture for post: 1200 x 630 px
Cover: 820 x 312 px
Profile Photo: 170 x 170 px

In contact with
Image to external links: 537 x 240 px
Picture for post: 700 x 500 px
Profile photo: 200 x 500 px

Twitter
Tweet picture: 1024 x 675 px
Cover: 1500 x 500 px
Profile photo: 400 x 400 px

Instagram
Post picture: 1080 x 1080 px
Profile photo: 110 x 110 px

YouTube
Image over video: 1280 x 720 px
Channel cover: 2560 x 1440 px
Profile photo: 800 x 800 px

Pinterest
Picture for pin: 1000 x 1500 px
Profile photo: 165 x 165 px

Linkedin
Image to external links:: 1200 x 628 px
Picture for post: 1200 x 1200 px
Cover: 1584 x 768 px
Profile photo: 300 x 300 px

OK.ru
Picture for post: 1680 x 1680 px
Cover: 1340 x 320 px
Profile Photo: 190 x 190 px

How to upload an image
Facebook

First, make sure that you have a logo in PNG format of the right size – you can add it to your Facebook page.

How to add or change profile photo:

1. Log in to your Facebook account and go to your page.
2. Move the cursor over the place for the photo and click on the camera icon.
3. Select “Upload Photo”.
4. Select a file with a logo and press “Open”. If necessary, the image can be cropped and arranged in accordance with the plan.
5. Click “Save.”

facebook min
How to add or change a cover:
1. Go to your page, hover over the cover image and click “Change Cover”.
2. Select Upload Photo.
3. Select the logo file and click Open. Position the image as you see fit.
4. Click Save.

Please note that although your profile photo is displayed on the user’s page as a square, in the news feed it takes the form of a circle. If you have a square logo, reduce its size so that the corners are not cut and it is not too crowded in a circle.

Twitter

File size requirements are listed here.
Note: unlike Facebook, where business accounts are created on the basis of personal accounts, Twitter needs to have a separate page for the company or project.

How to add or change profile photo:
1. Log in to your Twitter account and open your page by clicking on your name.
2. Click the Edit profile button on the right side of the page and click on your photo. Click Select Photo.
3. Select a file with a logo and press “Open”. Position the logo as you see fit.
4. To finish the setup, click “Save Changes”.

How to add or change the image in the header:
1. Go to your page and click the “Edit Profile” button.
2. Click on the header and select the Add header option.
3. Select a file and click “Open.”
4. To finish the setup, click “Save Changes”.

In contact with

File size requirements are listed here. How to add or change an image in a VK group and community:

1. Go to your personal account, go to the desired group;
If you do not have an avatar yet, the text “Upload a photo” will be highlighted in its place;
(if the image is already available, then just point it and the pop-up menu will offer you to update the photo).
2. Click on it and upload the logo;
3. Make sure that when reducing the avatar to a round version, your logo does not cease to be recognizable. To do this, select the desired area by clicking on “Change thumbnail”.

How to add or change cover art in a VK group and community:

1. Go to your personal account, go to the desired group;
2. Go to community settings;
3, Click on “Download” opposite “Community Cover;
4. Download the logo;
Make sure that the logo is not ridiculously cropped.

OK.ru

File size requirements are listed here. How to add or change an image in a group in Odnoklassniki:

1. Go to your personal account, go to the desired group;
2. Hover over the profile picture and click on “Add Image” from the pop-up menu;
3. Download the logo.

Instagram

File size requirements are listed here.

How to add or change profile photo:
1. Log in to your Instagram account from your phone. Open your profile by clicking on the corresponding icon.
2. Click on the profile photo and select “Upload Photo”. Select a file with a logo and press “Select”.
3. On the mobile device, click “Edit Profile” and select “Change Profile Photo”. After you select the file, click “Finish.”

instagram
LinkedIn

File size requirements are listed here.

How to add a logo to your LinkedIn company page:
1. On your profile page, click on the photo thumbnail and select “Change” in the “Company Page” tab.
2. Click the “Edit” button and click on the “Edit Page” line.
3. Scroll to the “Company Logo” section. Click the “Edit” button and add / change the logo. You can also change the location of the logo by dragging it to the desired location.
4. Click “Save.”

LinkedIn
YouTube

File size requirements are listed here and here.

How to add or change a profile photo (channel icon):
1. Log into your YouTube account.
2. Click on the line My Channel, located under the profile photo in the upper right.
3. Hover over an existing photo and click on the edit icon.
4. Click “Edit” and select the logo file. Position it as you see fit.

How to add or change channel background image:
1. Going to My channel, hover over the background image and click on the edit (or add) icon.
2. Download the file and see how it is displayed on various devices. Position it as you see fit.
3. Click “Select.”

Pinterest

File size requirements are listed here.

How to add or change profile photo:
1. Log in to your Pinterest account.
2. Click on the ellipsis at the top, then click on the “Settings” button. Scroll down to the Profile section.
3. Click “Change Image,” then select the logo file. Ra

arrange it as you see fit.
4. Click “Save Settings.”

Useful services for designing social networks
We have prepared a small list of services that will be useful to you when designing social networks. Bookmark them so you don’t lose:

Logaster – creating and downloading logos optimized for the requirements of social networks.
Crello – create designs for social media covers.
Sproutsociale – optimization of the size of finished images to the requirements of social networks.
Pablo.buffer.com – search for images for covers and overlay text on them.
Pixabay is a free photo stock for finding cover pictures.
Pexels is a bank of free photos for creating covers and posts on social networks.
Unsplash is another photo stock for social networks.
Jaymantri – abstract pictures for creating cover or post backgrounds.
Designspiration – search for inspiration.
Fonts.google.com – a collection of free fonts.
Coolors.co – collections of color schemes that will be useful in the design of posts and covers.
Google.com/test/mobile-friendly – check page optimization for mobile devices.

Representative offices in social networks significantly stimulate the development of the company, making it possible to increase its recognition and increase the number of points of contact with customers. Following these tips, you will create really powerful marketing tools that will help you attract many potential customers from popular social media.

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