Patrice Lumumba- DR Congo’s First Legally Elected Prime Minister
Patrice Lumumba was a Congolese politician and independence leader he served as the first Prime Minister of the independent democratic republic of the congo from June until September 1960he played a significant role in the transformation of the Congo from a colony of Belgium into an independent republic welcome to today’s countdown we will be looking at the biography of
Patrice Lumumba one of Africa’s most respected leader.
Lumumba was born on the 2nd of July 1925 in our lure in the kataka calm region of the Kafeprovince of the Belgian Congo he was a member of the titular ethnic group raised in a Catholic family he was educated as a Protestant primary school Catholic missionary school and finally, the government post office trainingschoolLumumba spoke better French lingua Swahili and Chiluba ideologically an African nationalist and Pan African is the led the Congolese national movement party from 1958 until his assassination this iconic Congolese politician and independence leader was the first prime minister of the independent democratic republic of the congo from June until September 1960.
Patrice Lumumba was a significant player in the transformation of the Congo from the colony of Belgium into an independent republic he started his career as a postal clerk in Leopoldville now Kinshasa and soon moved to Stanleyville now kisaeng GhaniLumumba was also a travelling beer salesman and became regional head of the circles of Stanleyville and joined the Liberal Party of Belgium in 1955.
He primarily worked on editing and distributing party literature Patras Lumumba served as the Prime Minister of the Congo for only 81 days but he left an indelible mark in the modern political history of Africa he was a principled man of strong character who lived and died for the values he believed him he supported pan-Africanism and liberation for colonial territories.
Patrice Lumumba was for a United Congo and against the division of the country like many other African leaders, he supported pan-Africanism and the liberation of colonial territories he proclaimed his regime one of positive naturalism which he defined as a return to African values and rejection of any imported ideology, including that of the soviet Union shortly after Congolese independence in 1960.
A mutiny broke out in the army marking the beginning of the Congo crisis blue number appealed to the United States and the UN for health both refused so Lumumba turned to the SovietUnion for the support this led to growing differences with President Joseph CastleUbu and chief of staff Joseph Mobutu as well as with the United States And Belgium which opposed the Cold War to the Soviet Union.
His recapture was quite a triumph for Kenema Bhutto when I saw his enemy Iraq in the period following WorldWar two young leaders across Africaworked towards national goals and independence from the colonial powers in1955 Lumumba became regional head of the circles of Stanley Dome and joined the Liberal Party of El Djem the edited and distributed party literature Lumumba was subsequently imprisoned by state authorities under Maputo and executed by a firing squad under the command of Katanga no authorities however in 2002Belgium formally apologized for its role in the assassination following his assassination
He was widely seen as a martyr for the wider pan-African movement Lumumba was one of the delegates who represented the MNC at the all African people’s conference in Accra Ghana in December 1958 at the international conference hosted by Ghanaian President Quon crew Mac Lumumba further solidified his pan-Africanist beliefs and crewman was personally impressed by Lumumba’s intelligence and ability.
In late October 1959, Lumumba as leader of the MNC was arrested for inciting an anti-colonial riot inStanleyville30 people were killed and he was sentenced to 69 months in prison despite Lumumba’s imprisonment MNC won a convincing majority in the December local elections in the Congo as a result of strong pressure from delegates upset by Lumumba’s trial he was released and allowed to attend Conference in Brussels.
Lumumba the first legally elected prime minister of the the Democratic Republic of the Congo was assassinated on the 17th of January 1961this heinous crime was a culmination of two assassination plots by the American and Belgian governments which used Congolese accomplices and a Belgian execution squad for 126 years the US and Belgium have played key roles in shapingKongos destiny said to be the most important assassination of the 20thcentury the assassinations historical importance lies in many factors the most pertinent being the global context in which it took place its impact on Congolese politics and Lumumba’s overall legacy as a nationalist leader.
the greatest legacy Lumumba left Congo is the ideal of national unity in CongoLumumba’s assassination is rightly known as the country’s original sin coming less than seven months after independence it was a stumbling block to the ideals of national unity economic independence pan-African solidarity as well as a shattering blow to the hopes of millions of Congolese people.
the assassination took place at a time when the country had fallen under four separate governments the central government in Kinshasa a rival central government by Lumumba’s followers in Kisangani and the secessionist regimes in the mineral-rich provinces of Katanga and south casa after his government was deposed in a coup during the congo crisis.
Lumumba along with a few other ministers from his newly formed independent government was arrested and tortured under the command of Katanga no authorities the men were then lined up against a tree and shot one at a time on the 17th of January 1961.