1] The theme of Colonialist Arrogance and expectation –
Whitehead comes to Mandoland with a blatant air of superiority with is why after two days of arrival in the land he refuse to pay homage to king sangi until kindo forces him. This is reflective of colonial arrogance in history. Even though the real colonial mission is to exploit, They still engage the owner of the land in service labour to advance that interest and also expect to mass him honour and for him for a pittance. It is also a show of colonial arrogance that makes whitehead introduce gin spirit drink in place of the people’s local drink mamapama which is congenial with their system, whereas whitehead’s drink intoxicates
and makes the animal of the people.
2] The theme of Patriotism and Resistance to Oppression –
The patriootic zeal of kindo saves Mando Kingdom from the hands of whitehead. when whitehead refuses to accord kig santigi his deserved respect, it is kindo who restore it by putting him where he truly belongs – beneath the king’s feet. Kindo constantly monitors maligu and soko when he suspects they are in league with whitehead. He also interrogates whitehead on why he chose Mandoland and not another place. when whitehead get the people drunk and the woman become sexually provocative, It is kindo that also calls whitehead and maligu to order. kindo it is that also unveils the grand design to steal mando’s diamond wealth. in the end kindo does not only resist oppression, he stamps it out by killing whitehead.
3] The theme of Irony of Culture –
Its is a cultural irony that the culture whitehead disregards by introducing the people to alcohol, tobacco, and hard core hallucination drugs, he also finds in it a substance to manipulate the culture by relying on key traditional beliefs that favour his ominous ploy. For example, he seizes on the decree of the death for anyone who kills in peacetime, so as to trap kindo. He also describes diamond as evil stones that should be handed over to him in a land purification ritual he trumps up.
4] The theme of Moral decadence and corruption –
Some characters in the play fail moral test. Whitehead for instance attempts to rape a county virgin, Kindo’s woman, Wara. The attempted rape of this country virgin in this play symbolizes the rape of the country’ natural resources that the colonial government is essentially after. it should be emphasized too that whitehead’s deft manipulation of mondo society is aided and abetted by the corrupt priest of the shrine, Soko and the chief assistant to the king, Maligu who are hoping to gain personal wealth by assisting whitehead. Their ignorance of whitehead’s true motive – he wants diamonds, whereas they think he is there to grow tobacco – is reminiscence of the general exploitative track of colonial history in Africa. While beads, tobacco and cloths were among the initial innocent exchange in a barter of goods for palm oil and other product between Europeans and Africans, It did not take long before Africans themselves became the battered goods of choice by European (the slave trade), who used corrupt local leaders to accomplish their scheme.
5] The theme of Political social and spiritual decadence
The Corrupt leaders of the priest of the scared shrine and the chief adviser to the king, Maligu parodies the colonial legacy of political, social and spiritual decadence in sierra lone, the country. Over all, as tragic as the play (seemingly tragic for kindo) there is moral retribution in the end when whitehead is given a taste of his own recommendation – he is sacrificed rather than Wara. Thus the evil plotter becomes the sacrificial lamb of atonement and give hope for our flawed humanity
6]The Theme of The evils of African colonial encounter with the west –
The play successfully demonstrates the evils of the african colonial encounter with the west, without presenting the colonized as mere victims. kindo represent a major obstacle to whitehead’s plan matching him wit for wit and always a step ahead of him he disciplines whitehead for not according deserved respect to king santigi and eventually kills him for his evil role in their land
7] The theme of Cultural Clash and erosion of customs
Western values and African values come headed for collision in this play. When Whitehead refuses to pay respect to King Santigi, Kindo teaches him how to do it and why it is done. It is not Whitehead’s culture to bow before a King but he is made to kiss the ground before King Santigi. Smoking of pipe,hard drug intake and drinking of hard spirits are not African ways of life but Whitehead introduces them and Kindo condemns them; he upholds mampama their local drink. Soko also erodes custom by not sleeping in his cave as required by his spiritual office as the chief priest of the land. Santigi and Whitehead also contest animal sacrifice in place of human sacrifice. The king extols the rationale behind human sacrifice to secure peace. Whitehead suggests a goat instead but is cautioned not to meddle into what he does not understand.
8] The theme of Justice always wins out against oppression
The white man symbolize Britain’s rape of Sierra Leonean natural resources. In
Sierra Leonean people are presented not only as victimized, but also as complicit in the exploitation of their own people. Through the gifts of “strange tobacco” alcohol, advantage of the drugged and exploits resources. With the help of Maligu and Soko, Whitehead also tries to
rape Kindo’s woman, Wara, but in the end his elaborate plans fail. Dele-Charley clearly makes the point that justice would always find its course irrespective of the oppressive grand design to scuttle justice.
9] The theme of greed and ambition
The theme of greed and ambition runs through there play the characters involve in this. are whitehead , maligu and soko. The thr ee’s sole ambition is to get rich. whitehead come to mandoland with dubious intent to cart the people’s diamond wealth away and become extremely rich. The other two connnive with him to carry out his intention and also get rich in the process. Greed sets in when they begin to distrust one another and hatching plans to eliminate each other for greater advantage on the diamond wealth
Uncritical adherence to culture (as if cultures are static)
The king’s rigid adherence to tradition in the face of irrevocable change is a major theme in this play. It may seem a little odd, even disappointing, that the king will hastily banish his own son without regard for the motive behind Kindo’s behaviour, especially since Kindo remains morally impeccable throughout the play. Perhaps, one could relate the king’s cultural rigidity at this juncture in the play to the fact that Whitehead has introduced him to hallucinatory drugs, although the link between the two events is not convincingly made in the play. A more convincing explanation may lie in the playwright’s consistent critique of the uncritical adherence to culture, as if cultures are static, not dynamic. That is to say, that while the play seems to esteem tradition, it also challenges the audience to examine the values behind traditional beliefs, especially where common sense changes are needed with the changing times. For instance, Kindo, like Maligu, knows that the priest does not honour the traditions of the land, even though he is supposed to be the protector of it. Soko has built a hut in the forest where he enjoys a comfortable bed instead of sleeping in the rustic shrine at night. Ignorant of this fact, the people of Mandoland, including the king, hold the shrine in veneration. Maligu would of course use the knowledge of Soko’s deception to blackmail him into “divining” the entrance of a white stranger into the land, thus further contravening the law of the land.
Themes of The Blood Of a Stranger